Result: Tactical draw, with Washington's men holding the field the following morning. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Battle of Ushant 1778. https://www.britannica.com/event/Battle-of-Monmouth-1778, Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Battle of Monmouth, United States History - Battle of Monmouth. On June 28, Major-General Charles Lee’s forces engaged a portion of the British army near Monmouth Court House (present-day Freehold, New Jersey). The battle was a military conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and their rebelling colonies in North America. The Battle of Ushant took place on 27 July 1778, and was fought during the American Revolutionary War between French and British fleets 100 miles west of Ushant, an island at the mouth of the English Channel off the north-westernmost point of France. These articles have not yet undergone the rigorous in-house editing or fact-checking and styling process to which most Britannica articles are customarily subjected. Although the American army outnumbered its foe two-to-one and had undergone extensive training in the art of war during its winter encampment at Valley Forge, Lee, who launched the initial attack, lacked confidence in the ability of the Continental soldiers under his command. Donate today to preserve Revolutionary War battlefields and the nation’s history for generations to come. On a hot and humid June 28, 1778, General George Washington and his subordinate, General Charles Lee, attacked rearguard elements of General Sir Henry Clintons British Army. Greene re-formed his units as part of the main battle line and fought on. After that battle British forces in the north remained chiefly in and around the city of New York.…, The program paid off at Monmouth Court House, New Jersey, on June 28, 1778, when Washington attacked the British, who were withdrawing from Philadelphia to New York. The Battle of King’s Mountain in South Carolina was fought between a Patriot militia against the Loyalist army in the Southern Campaign of the Revolutionary War. Washington did not follow. Although Sir Henry Clinton, who had replaced Howe, struck back hard, the Americans stood their ground. Benefiting from their winter training at Valley Forge, the Continentals repulsed the British regulars and made bayonet counterattacks. Philadelphia had been occupied in September of 1777, but the entry of France into the war on the American side made the British change their entire strategy. The main British achievement of 1777 had been the capture of Philadelphia, but in the changes circumstances of 1778, with the main focus of the British war effort now directed against the French, Philadelphia was no longer seen as an asset. Donations to the Trust are tax deductible to the full extent allowable under the law. 1777 to 1778. Washington placed General Nathanael Greene’s division on the right and the division of General William Alexander, “Lord” Stirling, on the left. The Sullivan Expedition: June 18, 1779Battle of Stony Point: July 16, 1779Siege of Savannah: September 16-October 18, 1779. An … National Archives, Washington, D.C. Battles of the Revolutionary War: 1780. Articles such as this one were acquired and published with the primary aim of expanding the information on Britannica.com with greater speed and efficiency than has traditionally been possible. Battle of Monmouth. Your tax-deductible gift will help us to preserve this irreplaceable twice-hallowed ground at Gaines' Mill and Cold Harbor — forever. Battle of Monmouth, also called Battle of Monmouth Court House, (June 28, 1778), indecisive engagement in the American Revolution, fought at Monmouth, New Jersey. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. After a 40-hour halt at Monmouth Court House, the army moved out, leaving a small covering force. On a hot and humid June 28, 1778, General George Washington and his subordinate, General Charles Lee, attacked rearguard elements of General Sir Henry Clinton’s British Army. One of the lasting legends of the Battle of Monmouth concerns "Molly Pitcher," the nickname given to Mary Ludwig Hays McCauly, who delivered water to her husband’s battery to cool the cannons and the soldiers. Americans fought their longest single-day battle during the War for Independence on June 28, 1778 at the Battle of Monmouth in central New Jersey. Clinton rested his men until midnight, then he slipped them away to the coast and evacuation by the Royal Navy. Increased French aid to the Continentals was very slow in coming; coordinated military activity between the two new allies was even slower to happen. Although more a series of skirmishes than a pitched battle, this clash of arms was the result of tensions that had built over a long period and changed the conflict from politics and social unrest to open warfare. On hearing that American Gen. Charles Lee had ordered a retreat, Gen. Washington becomes furious. The fighting see-sawed back and forth under the brutal June sun for several hours. …greatly to Washington’s success at Monmouth (now Freehold), New Jersey, on June 28, 1778. June 28, 1778 - Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey Troops: Continental Army 11,000; British 14-15,000. Battle site: June 28, 1778 is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 1 time. Federal Identification Number (EIN): 54-1426643. George Washington at the Battle of Monmouth (1778) during the American Revolutionary War. 28 June 1778. On the afternoon of this day in 1777, General Sir William Howe and General Charles Cornwallis launch a full-scale British attack on General George Washington and the Patriot outpost at Brandywine Creek near Chadds Ford, in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, on the road linking Baltimore and Philadelphia. The battle was an emphatic victory for the Patriot militia and one of the bloodiest battles in the war. June 28th (1778) was a Sunday. June 28 - Battle of Monmouth - New Jersey July 3 - Battle of Wyoming (Wyoming Massacre) - Pennsylvania August 29 - Battle of Rhode Island - Rhode Island 1779 . Battle of Princeton. Timeline 1777. Historical Events for 28th June, 1778 » The Continental Army or American Continentals engage the British in the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse resulting in standstill and British withdrawal under cover of darkness. The commanders of the two squadrons of the … The battle, fought on June 28, 1778 in New Jersey, featured British forces under the command of Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton and Continental forces under the command of General George Washington. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! Extensively studied archaeologically and historically, this important battle showcased Washington’s Washington arrived about noon, ahead of his main army, in time to see Lee’s men fleeing the battlefield. Thereafter (except in the winter of 1779,…. By late afternoon both sides were exhausted and fighting stopped. What happened on June 27, 1778. American Casualties: Killed: 72 Wounded: 161 Missing: 130 Died of heatstroke: 37. While British forces were largely led by professional officers and filled with career soldiers, the American leadership and ranks were filled with … The Battle of Monmouth (or Battle of Monmouth Courthouse) was an important American Revolutionary War battle, fought at Monmouth, New Jersey on June 28th, 1778. The Continental Army under General George Washington attacked the rear of the British Army column commanded by Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton as they left Monmouth Court House (modern Freehold Borough). On June 19, 1778, after six months at Valley Forge, the Continental Army marched in pursuit of Clinton’s troops up toward New York. Rallying what troops he had, Washington continued the assault on the British. The battle was indeed a tactical draw, but only from a narrow, post-action, battlefield perspective. Interested in participating in the Publishing Partner Program? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. As he pulled back, Lee encountered an astonished George Washington. Lee’s men were turned over to the Marquis de Lafayette, who kept those troops in reserve. It was here that the Americans intercepted the British forces who were trekking from Philadelphia. Although the British were initially able to advance, they were ultimately forced … At Princeton, Washington once again launched a surprise attack, and succeeded in defeating the British. In the meantime, more information about the article and the author can be found by clicking on the author’s name. Strength: American: 12,000 British: 10,000. The new British commander, Lieutenant General Henry Clinton, received orders to follow a defensive strategy and consolidate forces in New York City. 1778. Please consider making a gift today to help raise the $170,000 we need to preserve this piece of American history forever. Save 30% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Meanwhile the Alert 12, Lieutenant William Fairfax, had grappled and then carried by boarding the lugger Coureur, M. de Rosilie, which had been attempting to assist the Belle Poule.The enemy lost five men killed and seven wounded during the hour-long engagement, the Alert four men wounded of whom two later died. Revolutionary War: Southern Phase, 1778-1781. He abandoned Philadelphia and marched his army north. “Ever since the 19th, we have been kept in constant alarm; all Officers order’d to lay at their barracks.” Battle of Monmouth, also called Battle of Monmouth Court House, (June 28, 1778), indecisive engagement in the American Revolution, fought at Monmouth, New Jersey. The battle fought on 28 th June 1778 by the American Continental Army against the British, after the 1777/8 winter spent training under Steuben. June 28, 1778 at Freehold, New Jersey. 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