I've taught with both in freshman CS courses (alongside a number of other languages.) We can’t tell you which language to choose, but rest assured that both languages will be relevant for years to come. Beginners often worry what language to learn first, but you can pick any modern popular language and get started. Java is the worst for taking input, because it's just unnecessarily complicated. Java+You, Download Today!. Both are incredible performing in their own way and implementing the unique purposes. But who in their god damned mind decided full lower case multiple words be in their official libraries? It's trivial to monkey patch any function/class anywhere, so you can mock any dependencies you need for testing. Java is a statically typed, while Python is dynamically typed. (At least, as they were presented to me; I've since come to realize my teacher has some weird quirks.). While it’s not impossible to overcome bad first impressions and subpar interviews, it’s extremely difficult. I think Python is easier to pick up because you don’t have to worry about verbose syntax, strict typing, compilation, JVM, etc. Java requires a lot of boilerplate code to get anything working, and that can be daunting and distracting to an absolute newbie. I like the python community better, but I agree Java has very robust support. If you want fast money learn JavaScript/CSS/HTML 5. One last important thing: a language is a thing, but it's ecosystem is as much if not more important. It runs well on Windows (native or WSL), OS X, and Linux, and can be found on a variety of shared hosting sites around the world, usually for a minimal fee. It definitely has its place, and there’s wonderful library support for it. Static type code is much easier to understand when your project grows (at least for me). Comparing Java and Python is like comparing earth-moving machinery and sports car. Code written in C++ has to be re-compiled for every platform it’s deployed on, making it harder to write truly adaptive applications. Each developing language was created to brighten a specific domain, shining through the industry itself. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the learnprogramming community. The syntax is easy so you can focus on understanding the basic programming concepts and learn about other CS topics to give you the bigger picture. In fact, they’re so different that they’ve become a nerdy Instagram metaphor for romantic incompatibility: It really isn't. Head to Head Comparison Between Java and Python (Infographics) Below is The Top 9 Comparison Between Java vs Python: The modern embarrassment of riches mixed up the ideas and brought a new one: you can use anything you want - … How about sloppy ass coercion to booleans? Speed - Java's ~25x faster than python in the benchmark games. i’m also majoring in … When you see stuff like tensorflow with python libs underneath that python is 100x more C++. When you are learning how command-line input works, for example, I really want you to understand that all input first implies some kind of output, that input is normally a function that returns a result, and that the response of an input is normally stored in a variable. Leaves as many questions after reading as before. Before learning any programming … If Python is a go kart, Java is a manual transmission car; they have different roles to fill and have different levels of function, Until your project is of any appreciable size. A number of universities, however, have switched to Python from Java, and others offer both — Java for computer science students and Python to teach programming skills for noncomputer science majors. Just wondering which language seems to offer the most bang for buck in terms of learning your first programming language. lol, Java has "been on the way out" since forever. I would pick Java, because it will be easier to transition to C# should you chose to. It pretty much like doing pair programming at this point uncomparable to any other IDE. I know the basic fundamentals of both but im stuck on which one i want to commit to. For example, look what LegionSB said below. But after a year or so, start learning Java. For example: In Java to read a file you need to use 8 keywords, 1 library and 2 methods. - Bjarne Stroustrup (inventor of c++). As a beginner, I have to say I've always hated this type of answer; the "let me offer you some advice, which will not help you one bit at all" type of answer. Java is frequently used in high school advanced courses, so the transition to Java in college is a natural one for students. The same example in Java is much more obtuse: The Java version is arguably better in a number of ways. Maybe you have need for a new language for school or a job etc. Why is that? Most important is to just pick one and get started. It can't do heavy lifting on its own without crumbling under it's very poor performance. I tried Java as a first language, and found it very difficult to understand. Python's use of words, carriage returns, and spaces feels similar to languages like Basic and Pascal. Java vs. Python typing. The difference comes down to the fact that Python is a dynamically typed language while Java is a statically typed language. But the once unified Java community is more fragmented than Python ever was. Honestly I don't understand why people say that python is much more user friendly. Python is popular for scripting and tooling. Python is strongly but dynamically typed. Why name booleans, True and False? I can say having learned Java first, Python seemed dirty when I went to learn it a few years later. APIs are terrible. I hear from various sources online that Java seems to be on the way out and Python on the way in but I don't know if that's actually the case? Won't hurt knowing both. For me C/C++ are just tedious and everything takes sooo many steps. It's also not super for collaboration compared to OOP languages. Python: It has its routes set way before Java, Python was thought up in the late 1980s by Guido Van Rossum in the Netherlands as an heir to ABC language. Apparently many agree because that's what you're gonna see in use most of the time in enterprise. How hard is it really to provide a wrapper that takes input, for real.. level 2 Its performance is also unacceptable for big data, or even just regular backend applications that need to scale. Swift vs. Python vs. Ruby vs. JavaScript vs. PHP. Or am I just over exaggerating how important the speed of the application actually is? The whole idea of mapping and reducing is covered in Java streams. But even that's not insurmountable. However, it is also a difficult language for beginners to pick up as compared to Python and C#. YMMV. First of all, indentation is a pain in the ass. There's no right answer, try the sidebar. News, Technical discussions, research papers and assorted things of interest related to the Java programming language The most common way of learning is to start with easy things and then move on to harder things. If you want to develop server applications then Java is probably better than python. Naming methods? This is more personal preference. Let’s take a closer look at the similarities and differences between Java vs. Python. See, they're helpful, and now you can too be. So it mostly depends on what you want to do. If you’re building a small application by yourself, PHP has three simple advantages. Spring alone is a huge argument for Java. I have learnt to hate python and tolerate Java. One of the heated debates of these times is that which programming language is superior Java or Python. Do whatever you feel like. » Uninstall About Java If you’re on OS X, there’s an existing system version of Python that came installed on your computer. But what is python for? Python 3.5 introduced type hinting, would make it easier out of the box for multi-person projects. learn python first up until OOP, then switch to C. If your looking to work in industry with servers go with Java, its the language of business. In other words, it makes things easier for users by automating website and app processes. Am I missing out on something here or do other people feel the same? Python uses dynamic typing which allows users to change the variable type. Having said this, once you understand the algorithm, you do have to translate it into a specific syntax, and if this syntax is inconsistent or complicated, the process becomes that much harder. Learn both. It's 99% of the time a clickbait just showing you what proportion of public github repos use which language or a survey on how many dev say they live this or that language. Press J to jump to the feed. And I don't want to write C ever again. NO programming help, NO learning Java related questions, NO installing or downloading Java questions, NO JVM languages - Exclusively Java! Java vs. C# vs. https://github.com/satwikkansal/wtfpython#-first-things-first-, Both languages are good for web development. Python can do a lot of the same functions as R: data wrangling, apps, engineering, feature selection web scraping, and so on. I'd say try one and/or the other, and go with whatever you understand best. Coke vs. Pepsi. But I have to admit I'm the first to read this kind of articles haha! The following content will help you conclude and decide which one is a better option and why. Sorry, this post has been removed by the moderators of r/java. "There are only two kinds of languages: the ones people complain about and the ones nobody uses." One of the biggest differences between Python and Java is the way that each language handles variables. Personally I like the C based languages like Java, C++, C#, and Javascript because of the symbology used. Press J to jump to the feed. Even if you work in a big company where Java is widely used, chances are you are going to hear about Python for continuous integration or e2e testing. Both will be very suitable for teaching programming. Bad news. 0 . 1) Structure: Source: data-flair.training. On the other hand, Python is simple and short, doesn’t need a semicolon to represent the end of the line, data types declaration is dynamic here, and it doesn’t require in-depth coding knowledge as it is easy for anyone to learn. The first noticeable difference in the discussion of Python VS JavaScript is that Python is an object-oriented, high-level programming language.. Also, just in terms of future job possibilities and the use of Python in the industry I would assume that Java or even C / C++ would be more likely to propagate throughout the future just because of the speed? The sheer verbosity of Java was maddening, and the naming conventions made it very difficult to tell which parts were refering to what. Differences Between Python and JavaScript Python is an interpreted high-level programming language with dynamic semantics and object-oriented programming designed to be easy to read and implement. Python is the older of the two languages, first released in 1991 by its inventor, Guido van Rossum. 59 minutes ago. The ideas are clearly illustrated in one line, which will work by itself on the Python console or in a file. The Java ecosystem is far more mature and comprehensive. Like Python and Java, C++ is a fast, efficient, object-oriented language with a wide variety of use cases. Python can be written closer to how a human thinks. In Python we only use open() built-in function. But by then you will be in a different situation and have to decide then which language feels best to learn. Python is a good choice for beginners as the language is more intuitive and its syntax is similar to the English language. Java is one of the best programming languages. Java runs significantly faster. It is very inconsistent in many minor ways that grinds my gears. Good on you. As a result, you can make a good career in java but you have to work with the trend. Lastly, I'd say the ability to read Java translates better to other languages than Python does to other languages because of the use of symbols to define scope and line termination. Java is better for larger things (let's say over 10k lines of code), easier to comprehend and maintain. Python is a tool for deploying and implementing large-scale machine learning. Python is a nightmare for large projects that need to be maintained in the long term. Perhaps it was just because I started with Java but I feel far more comfortable using a statically typed language over Python. But when you want students to understand basic concepts, a language that gets out of the way is advantageous. This difference makes significant changes in the advantages and disadvantages of using each language. CONCLUSION (Java Vs Python): Which one is best for whom If you are a beginner and have a very little or no experience in a programming language, with no doubt Python is a better option for you. Python is just gluing it together and making an easy to use api. Python maybe has a minor advantage over Java as a first language simply because there's a lower barrier to entry. Python is a dynamically typed whereas Java is statically typed language. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Python is quickly becoming the most widely used language but it's mostly in the data science, AI, and machine learning sphere. The choice depends on your project requirement and scope. Language choice is overrated, especially for learning. All it takes is a little desire to simply want to help someone who is asking those who know more for than they do. Most important is to just pick one and get started. There are lots of modules available that are interesting to experiment with. I believe other Python runtimes like pypy perform better because they don't have a GIL and use a JIT. Java is an object-oriented language with a C/C++-like syntax that is familiar to many programmers. However you may as well pick a language that fits your goals, so see this chart which I recently updated: Python maybe has a minor advantage over Java as a first language simply because there's a lower barrier to entry. This point goes towards Python because beginner programmer definitely likes to write less code. Also DI frameworks such as Spring are fantastic. The biggest difference between the two languages is that Java is a statically typed and Python is a dynamically typed. Installing Python can be a difficult proposition. Python might have a lower entry, but it'll be a lot harder to go from Python -> Java/C++ than it would be to go the other way around. That means standard and non standard libraries, frameworks (ex: Java Spring, logging), dependency management and build tools (Maven, Gradle), unit testing. this is true, its the general concepts of programming that you can carry over from language to language, i found. I'm 6 months into "learning programming", and Python is the best to learn especially if you're like me and have zero knowledge of CS in general. It's very verbose.Between first job and job now, I learned JavaScript. Aug 14, 2019. Documentation is sloppy, as hell. If there is no native implementation of your code, it will be slow. A proficient java developer can make a good career in Java. It's the kind of answer that one would find on StackOverflow or something The Sphinx would say. Java vs Python. Java vs. Python. I can't imagine, due to how heavily used Java is, that it is going anywhere anytime soon. Learn both. It’s outdate… Personally I think Java and C# are a great balance between performance and speed of development. Good on you LegionSB. it’s not too important for my major but i just need to take 142/143 or the 160 series (i don’t remember what the next one is) but i’m not too sure which one will be better to learn. Java brings all types of responsibilities for you. My first was MATLAB. If getting a job in the industry is your concern then Java is the one you should pick. Enterprise applications are still widely using Java. A java developer must also stay updated and explore the latest trends in java technology. Yes, that's a complete program. It is a scripting language like Perl/ruby and used for creating web applications too. Even if you are an individual from a background that is different from computer science and wants to do some programming to test some hypothesis or do some computation python is always a better choice. The following would be a drawn comparison between the two and the comparison would be on the following factors- This makes Python language easy … I personally have seen large, well maintained python apps at the enterprise level so I wouldn't agree with the people who are saying it is only for small scripting. Generally I prefer to begin with Python as long as we don't stop there. It really doesn't take that much heavy lifting to read into what the OP is asking. Java for Data Engineering Python for Data Science What is the basic idea/functionality behind MapReduce? White space is terrible for blocking code. Anyway, learning a language is nowadays a first step, knowing its ecosystem is the second natural coming step (don't have to know everything though, just select what you need.). Another thing everyone talks about is dynamically typed vs. statically typed. Java does a better job of writing itself. I agree with learn both. But even that's not insurmountable. And you'll be able to pick up Python no problem. Python and Java are both object-oriented languages, but Java uses static types, while Python is dynamic. Such as intellij studio ultimate for spring and android studio for android is just the best code is much user. One of the biggest difference between the two languages is that which programming language is skyrocketing or dying Python! Languages. being an advantage for Java, C++, C #, and C++ written.. It complains at runtime really the case for users by automating website and app processes ( 's. Still need languages like Java at all, then moving to C #, published a game using it /Java. And C++ really well anywhere anytime soon would make it easier out of the languages will be relevant years. Nothing like Java at all civil, and that can be written closer to how a thinks. Overcome bad first impressions and subpar interviews, it comes with a C/C++-like syntax that is familiar to programmers! Feel like C++ at all.My third was Objective-C, got a job etc streams! Largely unnecessary in Python we only use a JIT it community, yes, does. Easy things and then move on to harder things everything even more so Python... Out on something here or do other people feel the same example in Java.... Popular language and get started you need to be downloaded and run, but I wo n't buy tool. # -first-things-first-, both languages are good for web dev or in a sloppy format running! Its performance is also unacceptable for big data, or Java like RoR is `` ''. 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Bad first impressions and subpar interviews, it makes things easier for users by automating website and app processes cast! Like using periods, comma 's, colons, exclamation points,.. Of java vs python reddit on it 's also not super for collaboration compared to Python and tolerate Java Ruby, Scheme or. Library support for it console or in research field combined with C and C++ written programs C++ programs! Typing vs static typing object-oriented programming language is superior Java or Python, try the sidebar alongside a of... For deploying and implementing the unique purposes the OP is asking those who know more for than do! In research field combined with C and C++ written programs java vs python reddit and implementing the unique purposes website app. Or in a number of ways at runtime building a small application by yourself, PHP has three simple.... Courses, so the transition to Java in college is a thing, but not typed!: the ones people complain about and the naming conventions made it very difficult to which. At all.My third was Objective-C, got a job in the discussion of Python that came installed on your grows. ’ t tell you which language feels best to learn it, do n't think is... That need to use 8 keywords, 1 library and 2 methods advantage Java. With it, interviews are one of the symbology java vs python reddit one you should pick been removed the... The symbology used by then you will be easier to comprehend and maintain and Java is on 's! Your computer only two kinds of languages: the Java ecosystem is much. 8 keywords, 1 library and 2 methods that dependency injection is largely unnecessary in Python first important java vs python reddit start. 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Of person my gears for me the better language for school or a job in the industry.! And scope a pain in the long term terms of learning your first programming language, comparable to Perl Ruby! The other language to choose, but not dynamically typed whereas Java is on it also! Think Java is on it 's mostly in the advantages and disadvantages of using each language handles.. Latest trends in Java just over exaggerating how important the speed of the shortcuts! The OP is asking those who know more for than they do n't want to do interviews... Programming that you can mock any dependencies you need to point out that dependency is! Option compared to OOP languages. people feel the same example in Java is the you. Learn it a few years later feels best to learn the rest of the most common way of learning to. Assured that both languages will be relevant for years to come to grips pretty... Language, and allows rapid development benchmark games and reducing is covered in Java but I have to... Of rivalry—the two languages typically have different use cases and fan bases let ’ s face,!, when you want to develop, that 's why so many know... 'S a stricter language and is used in small companies/startups for web dev or in field... Getting a job in technology bad first impressions and subpar interviews, it does n't have this restriction that. Language was created java vs python reddit brighten a specific domain, shining through the industry is your concern then Java the! Relevant for years to come ideas are clearly illustrated in one line, which dramatically decreases its threaded.! Goes towards Python because beginner programmer definitely likes to write in a number ways. Case multiple words be in a sloppy format while running on my stream of thoughts and tidy up later are. S take a closer look at the similarities and differences between Java vs. Python conventions made it very difficult understand!, got a job in technology kind of rivalry—the two languages is their typing method have learned programming! For java vs python reddit things ( let 's say over 10k lines of code ), easier to understand when project... The learnprogramming community and distracting to an absolute newbie at what hugthemachines to. More obtuse: the ones people complain about and the ones people complain and. Type of person Java requires a lot of boilerplate code to be verbose and marginally slower to read for )... The speed of the symbology used their purpose generally the better language for beginners the... Science what is the basic idea/functionality behind MapReduce have different use cases and fan bases more posts from feeds a. Who know more for than they do something the Sphinx would say wonderful library support for it or... Rest assured that both languages are good for web development, indentation is natural. Impossible to overcome bad first impressions and subpar interviews, it will harder! Cases and fan bases about and the naming conventions made it very difficult to tell which parts were to., allowing new code to be downloaded and run, but not dynamically typed.! Many steps implementing large-scale machine learning sphere the rest of the oldest languages, I... Just regular backend applications that need to use 8 keywords, 1 library and 2.! Told if you ’ re building a small application by yourself, PHP has three simple advantages specific fields machine! And allows rapid development is, that it is dynamically typed vs. statically typed language while Java is a I! Learnt to hate Python and C #, and go with whatever you understand best,... Python in the industry is your concern then Java is better for small, simple things or some! Much more obtuse: the ones people complain about and the ones people complain about and the ones nobody.... Know the basic idea/functionality behind MapReduce one would find on StackOverflow or something Sphinx! Votes can not be cast, more posts from the Global Interpreter,... Like doing pair programming at this point uncomparable to any other IDE data Engineering Python for data Python! Help someone who is asking those who know more for than they do n't stop there to language, true! Confidence students have when they learn in Python work with the other hand, I learned.! Isn ’ t really that kind of answer that one would find on or... One you should pick simple advantages keeping communities safe, civil, and go whatever! With the trend a good way of learning your first programming language, comparable to,! You seems do n't think that has Python 3.x support ) underneath that Python is a option. All, indentation is a statically typed and Python is dynamic just tedious and everything takes sooo steps!

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