If you get a really bad attack of this then that section of asparagus is … Planting deeper than 5 inches may result in reduced yields. Planted new asparagus crowns 2 weeks ago, already getting growth in January. Varieties of Asparagus ‘Jersey’ Series – This all-male series of hybrid asparagus varieties include ‘Jersey Giant,’ a hardy plant that performs well in chilly climates. Some varieties of asparagus, such as Jersey Knight and Jersey Giant, produce all male or primarily male plants, so they’re more productive — male plants yield more harvestable shoots because they don’t have to invest energy in producing seeds. Control by hand picking; spray or dust seriously infested asparagus plants with an insecticidal soap. 6 Things You Need to Know Before Growing Broccoli, The Secret to Growing the Most Flavorful Eggplants, Follow This 6-Step Guide to Grow the Best Tomatoes. Plant Asparagus roots: Buy Jersey Knight, Supreme, Giant, Heirloom. The roots will get covered in a purple mould, the leaves will turn yellow and quickly die. Timing Plant 4 weeks before the last average frost date. Set the crown on top of the mound, spreading the roots down the sides. Sow single seeds in newspaper pots, place the pots in a sunny window, and use bottom heat to maintain the temperature of the mix in the pots at 77ºF. It … Remove and destroy the fern-like foliage before new growth appears in spring; it can harbor diseases and pest eggs. 04--Jersey Supreme Asparagus Jersey Supreme is the first of the Jersey varieties to be ready for harvest, a full 7-10 days before Jersey Knight or Giant. Harvest spears when the plants are two to three years old. Water the asparagus crowns thoroughly until the soil feels moist. While the idea of growing asparagus may be overwhelming, it shouldn't be: Asparagus is a great starting point because it's one of the few perennial vegetables that'll grow fresh spears year after year with little space and effort. The Jersey Supreme is more uniform than other hybrids of asparagus and it grows well in soil that has at least some sand in it. It is possible to grow asparagus from seed, but doing so significantly increases the time you'll need to wait to harvest. In the spring, dig a trench about 12 inches deep and 12 inches wide. Dig a trench for asparagus crowns in early spring, after the last frost date has passed for your area. Depth Plant in 15-cm (6″) deep furrows. Female plants produce berries; males plants do not expend energy on berries so they can be up to three times more productive than female plants. The season begins in May and can continue through June. Asparagus needs well-drained soil and full sunlight. The trench is gradually filled in as the plants grow. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Asparagus officinalis CULTURE: Asparagus is a long-lived perennial vegetable crop. Spacing Plant crowns 31-46 cm (12-18″) apart. Leave four feet between rows. Cover the roots with two inches of soil, and continue to fill in the trench as shoots grow. Asparagus is a long-lived perennial vegetable crop that is enjoyed by many gardeners. Select and prepare your asparagus bed with care — this crop will occupy the same spot for 20 years or more. ASPARAGUS ROOTS, Jersey Giant – Asparagus officinalis FULL SUN Native to most of Europe, North Africa and many parts of Asia, Asparagus has been cultivated for thousands of years. She spent three years writing for her local newspaper, "The Colt," writing editorials, news stories, product reviews and entertainment pieces. There's a reason why many of us turn to asparagus in the spring and summer months: It's one of the first crops of spring harvest, and the fresh-picked spears are more tender and tasty during the growing season. It is hardy even in sub zero weather and will crop for up to 20 years. These “all-male” asparagus varieties — including ‘Jersey Giant, 'Jersey Supreme’ and ‘Jersey Knight' — produce up to three times more than … Asparagus prefers well-drained, fertile soil with a pH of 7.0 in full sun or part shade. Fertilize in spring and fall by top-dressing with liquid fertilizer (such as compost tea) or side-dressing with a balanced fertilizer. Complete the harvest before July 1. Two weeks later, add another inch or two of soil. Stop adding soil once the trenches are completely filled in and even with the rest of the garden. A great way to get the earliest cash crop in town or to extend your garden season. Add 2 pounds of 0-20-0 superphosphate or 1 pound of 0-46-0 triple superphosphate to the bottom of each 50-foot row. They are packaged six roots per bag. Year-old crowns typically produce their first crop within two to three years after planting. A 25-foot row should yield 7 to 12 pounds of asparagus. Asparagus has a colorful history and seductive personality. Make trenches 5 inches deep and 6 to 8 inches apart. Fill asparagus trenches with 2 to 3 inches of soil every few weeks as the plants begin to grow. Asparagus is extremely nutritious and has many health benefits! A bed of asparagus plants provides an abundance of stalks for several weeks and keeps producing for many years. To plant asparagus crowns, dig trenches 12 inches wide and 6 inches deep (8 inches in sandy soil) down the center of the prepared bed. And it is probably the most demanding vegetable there is to get started. This plant takes time to grow, but the results are well worth it. Asparagus beetles, which chew on spears in spring and attack summer foliage, are the most prevalent problem. With an all-male variety, 25 plants are usually adequate for a household of four; double that amount for standard varieties. For climates that don't have deep winter freezes, UC 157 is a good … Best for high yield, fine flavor and the largest succulent spears. Seed-grown plants don't suffer from transplant trauma like nursery-grown roots, and you can buy a whole packet of seed for the same price you'll pay for one asparagus crown. Side-dress the trenches with mulch in the fall, before the first frost date. But be prepared, this is no ordinary vegetable crop. You will get the first large harvest in the third and fourth years. Select a male dominant hybrid asparagus variety such as Jersey Giant or Jersey Knight. Resists fusarium wilt, crown rot and rust. (NJ56 x JN22-8) Patented. Its energy goes into producing spears rather that seeds as with female plants. BEST ANSWER: Hi Jeff, I have been growing Jersey Knights for about 20 years. This is a a serious disease for the asparagus plant. While you might think that two-year-old crowns are a better option, they tend to suffer more from transplant shock and won’t produce any faster than one-year-old crowns. Best for high yield, fine flavor and the largest succulent spears. Unfolding asparagus bloom. After spears emerge, spreading a 4- to 8-inch layer of mulch over the trenches will help prevent weed growth. Very adaptive, and easy to grow. With proper site selection, preparation, and care, it can thrive for 15 years or more. After removing any visible weeds, apply mulch to smother any remaining weeds, which compete with the young spears and reduce yields. Refrain from cutting back dead asparagus fern growth at the end of the season. Jersey Giant F1 hybrid - this variety is a good choice for cold climates although it is perfectly happy in other climates too. Good Housekeeping participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. When you plant, also apply a vegetable fertilizer or a 10-10-10 fertilizer in the amount recommended on your … Most gardeners grow asparagus from crowns rather than seed. Starting asparagus from one-year-old crowns gives you a year’s head start over seed-grown plants. Why trust us? Like other varieties of asparagus, Jersey Knight is high in fiber, potassium and folic acid, as well as vitamins A, B6 and C. Jersey Knight is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 3 through 10. Cover the fertilizer with a 1-inch layer of soil. It can tolerate some shade, but full sun produces more vigorous plants and helps minimize disease. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Asparagus spears are highly perishable, so place them in a bowl filled with icy water immediately after picking. Stick to an all-male asparagus variety if high yield is your main goal. A very productive plant: yields 2-4 times more spears than older varieties. It was brought to America with the earliest colonists where it escaped from gardens and … In early spring, harvest spears every third day or so; as the weather warms, you might have to pick your asparagus twice a day to keep up with production. Prepare a planting bed for your asparagus —simple raised beds work best — that's about 4 feet wide by removing all perennial weeds and roots, and digging in aged manure or compost. During the third season, pick the spears over a four-week period, and by the fourth year, extend your harvest to eight weeks. Asparagus does best in lighter soils that warm up quickly in spring and drain well; standing water will quickly rot the roots. For best results, cut little or none of the asparagus plant until after the first year to ensure a large and healthy crop the next year. Plant once, harvest for years: growing asparagus in a well-maintained bed can provide you with sweet, slender veggies for up to 15 years. Work the fertilizer into the soil at a depth of 6 inches. They are very tasty and meaty. Combine your compost, fertilizer, or other organic matter, and create mounds with it about 18 inches apart. Gently loosen the roots and allow them to drape over the sides of the trenches. These methods also control the 12-spotted asparagus beetle, which is reddish brown with six black spots on each wing cover. When tiny flowers appear, observe them with a magnifying glass. The following spring, transplant the males to the permanent bed. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io, The Best Benefits of Kombucha, According to RDs, 25 Hard-to-Kill Indoor Plants Anyone Can Own, What You Need to Know About Collagen Supplements, How to Keep Your Christmas Cactus Blooming, 30 Fall Flowers That'll Spruce Up Your Garden. ‘Jersey Knight’ is one of the more vigorous types of asparagus; highly resistant to asparagus diseases such as crown rot, rust and fusarium wilt. The ferns that grow following harvest should not be cut until they are … They lay dark eggs along the leaves, which hatch into light gray or brown larvae with black heads and feet. Gardeners often grow asparagus from year-old crowns to speed crop production. To plant asparagus crowns, dig trenches 12 inches wide and 6 inches deep (8 inches in sandy soil) down the center of the prepared bed. Set each crown on top of the mound and drape the roots over the mound. Place asparagus crowns about 18 inches apart in the trenches with the buds pointing up. Spears begin emerging at 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Now, here's everything you need to know about growing asparagus, whether you start from seed or spear. Requirements Full sun, rich soil. To harvest, cut asparagus spears with a sharp knife or snap off the spears at, or right below, ground level with your fingers. Remove weeds from the trenches regularly. Female flowers have well-developed, three-lobed pistils; male blossoms are larger and longer than female flowers. Twice the yield of old-fashioned kinds. It produces medium to large (7-9"), green spears with purple bracts. Planting: Dig a trench 8 inches deep and wide enough to accommodate the outspread roots (about 10 inches), then space the asparagus 18 inches apart. Put the asparagus crowns in the trenches, spacing them 12-18” apart and spreading out the roots. Place the crowns in the trenches 1½ to 2 feet apart; top them with 2 to 3 inches of soil. Jersey Giant Asparagus prefers well … The spears are not heat resistant, but Jersey Giant is well adapted to the South, as is evident by its inclusion on the recommended varieties list of ten Southern states' university extension services (sweeping from Arkansas across to Georgia and Virginia, and every state in between). Can produce up to twice the yield of standard varieties. Allow the spears to develop fully during the first year; do not harvest them. Cold-hardy, and overwinters to zone-3. The spears can be up to 7 to 9 inches long and they grow profusely on vigorous plants. Continue adding soil periodically until it is slightly mounded above surface level to allow for settling. Melissa King began writing in 2001. Asparagus miner is another foliage-feeding pest; it makes zig-zag tunnels on the stalks. For the biggest crops, purchase all-male plants. Next, place crowns at the bottom of the trench, water in, … Jersey Giant grows well throughout the United States and resists fusarium wilt, crown rot and rust. In northern climates, start seedlings indoors in late February or early March. Drain off the water and seal the spears in plastic bags. It can be productive for 20 or more years if given proper care. Soak the asparagus crowns in lukewarm water for several minutes before planting. The crown of the asparagus root should be at least 5-8 cm (2-3”) below the soil surface. We may earn commission from links on this page, but we only recommend products we back. Gardeners in Zones 4 to 6 have a wider selection of varieties, including ‘Jersey Giant’, ‘Jersey King’, and ‘Jersey … Apply 20 pounds of 10-20-10 fertilizer or mature compost per 1,000 square feet of soil. The Asparagus Jersey Giant, Asparagus 'Jersey Giant', a spring planted herbaceous root, produces large quantities of quality spears of green Asparagus. Cover spears with mulch or newspaper when freezing nights are predicted. Resists fusarium wilt, crown rot and rust. Water regularly during the first two years after planting. For this reason, growing male asparagus plants is often preferred. Asparagus Seeds and Plants Grow asparagus and experience a far superior flavor and texture than store-bought. The 1/4-inch-long, metallic blue-black pests have three white or yellow spots on their backs. Plant them immediately if possible; otherwise, wrap them in slightly damp sphagnum moss until you are ready to plant. Growing Keep soil moist, but not wet. ‘Jersey … Fill the trenches with three parts topsoil and one part compost to completely cover the crowns. If your asparagus bed does become infected by disease organisms, your best option is to start a new bed in a distant part of the garden, using newly purchased or grown plants. Most seed-grown asparagus plants eventually out-produce those started from roots. 'Jersey Giant' is the most winter hardy of all the Jersey Hybrids and it is widely adapted to temperate and cool climates. When the seeds sprout, lower the temperature to 60 to 70ºF. Amend your soil the fall before planting asparagus crowns to boost potassium and phosphorus. Select a planting site. Jersey Knight is an all-male variety of asparagus that offers cold hardiness and resistance to diseases such as root rot, rust and fusarium. The 'Jersey Giant' variety is an all male hybrid that is highly productive and very vigorous. Asparagus is one of the more permanent vegetable crops in a garden. Pests Rust, fusarium wilt and fusarium stem and crown rot. Asparagus can be grown in part or full sun. Apply 1/2-pound of an ammonium nitrate fertilizer per each 50-foot row at the end of the harvesting period. Leave those that are smaller than a pencil. If young spears turn brown and become soft or withered, they may have been injured by frost. Backfill the trench with topsoil to create a mound at the bottom of the hole. (NJ56 x JN22-8) Patented. The crowns thrive in sandy loam soil, but they will grow in other soil types. Store spears for up to two weeks in the refrigerator at about 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Asparagus officinalis ‘Jersey Giant’ Family Liliaceae. It also tends to grow larger crops the older it is; by the fourth season, you should see a very large and full crop. Harvest 7- to 9-inch spears by snapping them at the base. Even though it takes asparagus plants three years to fully mature, it'll be well worth it when you have a bounty of nutritious spears at your disposal. Finish covering the asparagus roots with soil and water thoroughly after planting. Soak the crowns in compost tea for 20 minutes before planting. … The all-male types can produce more spears, but the male/female plants can potentially make seeds and multiply. It takes patience to start your asparagus patch from seed, but there are advantages to gain from the extra wait. Watch for spear emergence within a week. The most common way to plant asparagus crowns is in a trench. Twice the yield of old-fashioned kinds. Organic 3 year roots crowns for your garden. The Jersey Giant Asparagus is a male hybrid garden plant. As asparagus matures, it crowds out most weeds and sends long, fleshy roots deep into the earth, so watering is less critical. Leave winter-killed foliage, along with straw or other light mulch, on the bed to provide winter protection. They are often used for processing and for fresh market. The Romans, especially, prized the vegetable. Weed out all female plants. Snap off 8- to 10-inch spears that are less than 1 inch in diameter before the buds open. (Ardent asparagus lovers recommend tripling these quantities.). Do not cut the spears below the soil. These hybrids can out-yield the Mary Washington varieties by as much as 3 to 1. King holds an Associate of Arts in communications from Tarrant County College. Once the danger of frost passes, plant the seedlings (which should be about 1 foot tall) 2 to 3 inches deep in a nursery bed. Growing Asparagus (Jersey Giant). How to plant Asparagus roots crowns for sale, easy to plant, fast to grow, garden, gardening delight Asparagus Roots Crowns For Sale 3 Year. Plant asparagus just once for several years of harvest. If you want to grow white asparagus, which has a slightly milder flavor than green asparagus, blanch the spears by heaping up soil or mulch over the bed before they emerge. Healthy asparagus foliage is necessary for good root and spear production. Missouri Botanical Garden: Asparagus Officinalis 'Jersey Knight', The Ohio State University Extension: Growing Asparagus in the Home Garden, How to Grow Artichokes and Asparagus Together. The crop comes slightly later than Jersey Giant so you can extend your season by planting both. Jersey Giant produces an abundance of flavorful and succulent asparagus spears. It is also disease resistant. I get my asparagus crowns from the good folks at … Asparagus is extremely nutritious and has many health benefits! Even more, this versatile green is rich in B vitamins, vitamin C, calcium, and iron, making it a healthy (and welcome) addition to any meal. 5 1 year old plants might set you back £17.50. Cut the dead growth back in the early spring, after winter has passed. 7 Major Reasons You Should Try Dry January, What Our Senior Home Editor Wants Right Now, This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. In cold climates, look for Jersey Giant or Jersey Knight. Don’t harvest any asparagus spears during the first two years that plants are in the permanent bed because they need to put energy into establishing deep roots. According to most historical accounts and online sources, the wild ancestor of asparagus was foraged and enjoyed principally by the ancient Greeks, and later the Romans around 200 B.C.E.. Beginning around that time, it was bred from a feral plant into the widespread, globally … Do not pack or compact the soil, as this makes it difficult for young asparagus spears to emerge. She is also the owner and operator of Howbert Freelance Writing. To plant, begin by digging a trench 6″ deep and 8″ wide in the soil. Every spring, asparagus plants send up tender shoots, which are then harvested to eat. It is resistant to rust and fusarium wilt and it does best in growing zones 3-8. The ‘Jersey Giant’ variety is an all male hybrid that is highly productive and very vigorous. I have been using straw as a mulch (my straw comes from my goat barn, but have used fresh as well), the asparagus pushes through it no problem, the grass does not, with first and second year plants i put a small stake where the plant is, as these … Planting Asparagus Planting asparagus is best done using the trench method. Jersey Giant Asparagus plants are resistant to most diseases and will keep growing for up to 20 years! Partially refill each trench with the soil from the sides, covering the crowns 2-3” deep, and water them in. Buy one-year-old crowns from a reputable nursery that sells fresh, firm, disease-free roots. 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