At a meeting shortly after the Soviet encirclement, German army chiefs pushed for an immediate breakout to a new line on the west of the Don, but Hitler was at his Bavarian retreat of Obersalzberg in Berchtesgaden with the head of the Luftwaffe, Hermann Göring. This force grew to 1,600 in early September by withdrawing forces from the. [119], The USSR, according to archival figures, suffered 1,129,619 total casualties; 478,741 personnel killed or missing, and 650,878 wounded or sick. [63] Women staffed a great many of the anti-aircraft batteries that fought not only the Luftwaffe but German tanks. The initial German attack on 14 September attempted to take the city in a rush. Ice floes on the Volga now prevented boats and tugs from supplying the Soviet defenders. These raids caused little damage and were of nuisance value only. However the predictable nature of the relief operation brought significant risk for all German forces in the area. "[62] At the beginning of the battle there were 75,000 women and girls from the Stalingrad area who had finished military or medical training, and all of whom were to serve in the battle. Yes, we felt better. "[104] Paulus notified Hitler that his men would likely collapse before the day was out. Several Soviet regiments were wiped out; the entire staff of the Soviet 339th Infantry Regiment was killed the following morning during an air raid.[1]:83. [94] He ignored the limited mobility of the army and the difficulties of disengaging the Soviets. [67] At least three women won the title Hero of the Soviet Union while driving tanks at Stalingrad.[69]. [117] In addition, an unknown amount of Hungarian, Italian, and Romanian materiel was lost. By 12 September, at the time of their retreat into the city, the Soviet 62nd Army had been reduced to 90 tanks, 700 mortars and just 20,000 personnel. "[33]:166, 168–69, The Germans inside the pocket retreated from the suburbs of Stalingrad to the city itself. On 18 September, the Soviet 1st Guards and 24th Army launched an offensive against VIII Army Corps at Kotluban. Stalingrad has been described as the biggest defeat in the history of the German Army.  |work =PBS The Germans began using the armies of their Italian, Hungarian and Romanian allies to guard their left (northern) flank. The burden of the initial defence of the city fell on the 1077th Anti-Aircraft Regiment,[41]:106 a unit made up mainly of young female volunteers who had no training for engaging ground targets. A handful of senior officers were taken to Moscow and used for propaganda purposes, and some of them joined the National Committee for a Free Germany. In the early parts of the operation, fuel was shipped at a higher priority than food and ammunition because of a belief that there would be a breakout from the city. Soviet offensives in the central and northern portions of the Eastern Front tied down Luftwaffe reserves and newly built aircraft, reducing Luftflotte 4's percentage of Eastern Front aircraft from 60 percent on 28 June to 38 percent by 20 September. Sturmovik battle of stalingrad - Die ausgezeichnetesten Sturmovik battle of stalingrad im Vergleich! The Soviet forces were allowed to retain bridgeheads on the right bank from which offensive operations could be quickly launched. The Soviet Air Force, the Voyenno-Vozdushnye Sily (VVS), was swept aside by the Luftwaffe. [111] The prisoners included 22 generals. – С. Over 30 percent of its soldiers were killed in the first 24 hours, and just 320 out of the original 10,000 survived the entire battle. The condition of the troops that surrendered was pitiful. Three days later, when the first trainload of Raus's division steamed into Kotelnikovo station to unload, his troops were greeted by "a hail of shells" from Soviet batteries. Manstein now saw the enormous technical difficulties of a supply by air of these dimensions. Marked by fierce close-quarters combat and direct assaults on civilians in air raids, it is one of the bloodiest battles in the history of warfare, with an estimated 2 million total casualties. [107][108], There was no cameraman to film the capture of Paulus, but one of them (Roman Karmen) was able to record his first interrogation this same day, at Shumilov's 64th Army's HQ, and a few hours later at Rokossovsky's Don Front HQ. And then, suddenly, at the far end of the yard I caught sight of a human figure. Both objectives were retaken, but only temporarily. [24]:926 The link-up of the Soviet forces, not filmed at the time, was later re-enacted for a propaganda film which was shown worldwide. [33]:215 Four Soviet armies were deployed against the northern pocket. Heroes of Stalingrad is the new standalone wargame by Devil Pig Games. The Soviet 13th Guards Rifle Division, assigned to counterattack at the Mamayev Kurgan and at Railway Station No. In that basement [...] there were still two hundred Germans—dying of hunger and frostbite. [136] The Turkish Consul in Moscow predicted that "the lands which the Germans have destined for their living space will become their dying space". "We haven't had time to deal with them yet," one of the Russians said. The term Stalingrad has become almost synonymous with large-scale urban battles with high casualties on both sides. The remaining forces continued to resist, hiding in cellars and sewers but by early March 1943, the last small and isolated pockets of resistance had surrendered. Hier lernst du jene wichtigen Merkmale und das Team hat viele Sturmovik battle of stalingrad näher betrachtet. [1]:122–23 According to a contemporary Soviet report, 5,762 guns, 1,312 mortars, 12,701 heavy machine guns, 156,987 rifles, 80,438 sub-machine guns, 10,722 trucks, 744 aircraft; 1,666 tanks, 261 other armoured vehicles, 571 half-tracks and 10,679 motorcycles were captured by the Soviets. [77], From 5 to 12 September, Luftflotte 4 conducted 7,507 sorties (938 per day). All of the 19 German tanks were lost, as well as 81 of the R-2 light tanks. Manstein, however, who knew that Sixth Army could not survive the winter there, instructed his headquarters to draw up a further plan in the event of Hitler's seeing sense. Paulus chose the grain elevator and silos as the symbol of Stalingrad for a patch he was having designed to commemorate the battle after a German victory. Based on Soviet records, over 10,000 German soldiers continued to resist in isolated groups within the city for the next month. Ivan's War (New York: 2006), 156. The German forces arrive in the working-class district of Stalingrad and tries to capture one of the factories, but the Russian forces will not let them! Winter Storm, as Zhukov had predicted, was originally planned as a two-pronged attack. On 22 January, Rokossovsky once again offered Paulus a chance to surrender. By the following evening, the 13th Guards Rifle Division had ceased to exist. Paulus requested permission to surrender, but Hitler rejected Paulus' request out of hand. Es ist durchaus wichtig herauszufinden, wie zufrieden andere Personen damit sind. Of the 210,000 Germans, 10,000 remained to fight on, 105,000 surrendered, 35,000 left by air and the remaining 60,000 died. [133], Regardless of the strategic implications, there is little doubt about Stalingrad's symbolism. There was an overwhelming surge in confidence and belief in victory. The next day he made a six-page situation report to the general staff. [133] At the time, the global significance of the battle was not in doubt. The Romanian forces, made up primarily of infantry, were overrun by large numbers of tanks. Vassili and König The heroes of the film Stalingrad. [15][120] 955 Soviet civilians died in Stalingrad and its suburbs from aerial bombing by Luftflotte 4 as the German 4th Panzer and 6th Armies approached the city. At this point, the Don and Volga Rivers are only 65 km (40 mi) apart, and the Germans left their main supply depots west of the Don, which had important implications later in the course of the battle. The building was labelled Festung ("Fortress") on German maps. Daily sorties decreased from 1,343 per day to 975 per day. The sick and wounded reached 40,000 to 50,000. "[28], During the siege, the German and allied Italian, Hungarian, and Romanian armies protecting Army Group B's north and south flanks had pressed their headquarters for support. Brown University historian Omer Bartov claims they were motivated by National Socialism. On 31 January, regular programmes on German state radio were replaced by a broadcast of the sombre Adagio movement from Anton Bruckner's Seventh Symphony, followed by the announcement of the defeat at Stalingrad. The 6th Army now was beyond all hope of German relief. Tasked with holding the city at all costs,[33]:80 Chuikov proclaimed, "We will defend the city or die in the attempt. Anton Joly, Stalingrad Battle Atlas, Volume II (2017), 178-302. Unabhängig davon, dass diese Bewertungen nicht selten nicht ganz objektiv sind, geben die Bewertungen generell einen guten Anlaufpunkt; Was für eine Intention beabsichtigen Sie mit Ihrem Sturmovik battle of stalingrad? [1]:74 The Soviets continued to pour aerial reinforcements into the Stalingrad area in late September, but continued to suffer appalling losses; the Luftwaffe had complete control of the skies. On 23 August the 6th Army reached the outskirts of Stalingrad in pursuit of the 62nd and 64th Armies, which had fallen back into the city. In deciding to promote Paulus, Hitler noted that there was no record of a German or Prussian field marshal having ever surrendered. Army Group Don was formed under Field Marshal von Manstein. The 51st Army Corps' 295th Infantry Division went after the Mamayev Kurgan hill, the 71st attacked the central rail station and toward the central landing stage on the Volga, while 48th Panzer Corps attacked south of the Tsaritsa River. He studied 11,237 letters sent by soldiers inside of Stalingrad between 20 December 1942 and 16 January 1943 to their families in Germany. The German forces arrive in the working-class district of Stalingrad and tries to capture one of the factories, but the Russian forces will not let them! This resulted in a very thin line, with some sectors where 1–2 km (0.62–1.24 mi) stretches were being defended by a single platoon. Stalin's Order No. The starving encircled forces at Stalingrad made no attempt to break out or link up with Manstein's advance. [73], The German onslaught crushed the 37th Guards Rifle Division of Major General Viktor Zholudev and in the afternoon the forward assault group reached the tractor factory before arriving at the Volga River, splitting the 62nd Army into two. [58]:154–68 On the other hand, Beevor noted the often extraordinary bravery of the Soviet soldiers in a battle that was only comparable to Verdun, and argued that terror alone cannot explain such self-sacrifice. The surrounded Axis personnel comprised 265,000 Germans, Romanians, Italians,[85][page needed] and the Croatians. According to Soviet intelligence documents shown in the documentary, a remarkable NKVD report from March 1943 is available showing the tenacity of some of these German groups: The mopping-up of counter-revolutionary elements in the city of Stalingrad proceeded. These bridgeheads in retrospect presented a serious threat to Army Group B. In the porch lay the skeleton of a horse, with only a few scraps of meat still clinging to its ribs. On 19 November, the Red Army launched Operation Uranus, a two-pronged attack targeting the weaker Romanian and Hungarian armies protecting the 6th Army's flanks. The battle started with the South Western Front. The response by the Wehrmacht was both chaotic and indecisive. "[33]:201, 203 On 28 January, the cauldron was split into three parts. Regular river ferries were quickly destroyed by the Luftwaffe, which then targeted troop barges being towed slowly across by tugs. Germany's defeat shattered its reputation for invincibility and dealt a devastating blow to German morale. But already the enemy was attacking the station with their battle-cries of 'Urrah!'" The German air arm found itself spread thinly across Europe, struggling to maintain its strength in the other southern sectors of the Soviet-German front. Location of army's units is as it was previously. The plan was similar to the one Zhukov had used to achieve victory at Khalkhin Gol three years before, where he had sprung a double envelopment and destroyed the 23rd Division of the Japanese army.[84]. [133], At this point, the British had won the Battle of El Alamein in November 1942. Around 40,000 civilians were taken to Germany as slave workers, some fled during battle and a small number were evacuated by the Soviets, but by February 1943 only 10,000 to 60,000 civilians were still alive. Sgt. [102]:930 Hitler rejected it on a point of honour. 282,606 in the 6th Army from 21 August to the end of the battle; 17,293 in the 4th Panzer Army from 21 August to 31 January; 55,260 in the. [44] After 23 January, there were no more reported landings, just intermittent air drops of ammunition and food until the end. For a moment, I wished that the whole of Germany were there to see it. [33]:203, On 30 January 1943, the 10th anniversary of Hitler's coming to power, Goebbels read out a proclamation that included the sentence: "The heroic struggle of our soldiers on the Volga should be a warning for everybody to do the utmost for the struggle for Germany's freedom and the future of our people, and thus in a wider sense for the maintenance of our entire continent. At the start, Stalingrad was no more than a name on the map to us. Ultimately, however, Romanian armoured warfare proved to be a tactical success, as the Romanians destroyed 127 Soviet tanks for the cost of their 100 lost units. Sturmovik battle of stalingrad - Die qualitativsten Sturmovik battle of stalingrad im Überblick! During the defence of Stalingrad, the Red Army deployed five armies in and around the city (28th, 51st, 57th, 62nd and 64th Armies); and an additional nine armies in the encirclement counteroffensive[41]:435–438 (24th, 65th, 66th Armies and 16th Air Army from the north as part of the Don Front offensive, and 1st Guards Army, 5th Tank, 21st Army, 2nd Air Army and 17th Air Army from the south as part of the Southwestern Front). [68] Three air regiments at Stalingrad were entirely female. With the advance now slowed, Hitler changed his mind and reassigned the 4th Panzer Army back to the attack on Stalingrad. The USSR lost 4,341 tanks destroyed or damaged, 15,728 artillery pieces and 2,769 combat aircraft. Machine-Gewehr Bataillon (mot), Stalingrad Battle Data Project: order of battle, strength returns, interactive map, Documentary showing the recovery of numerous bodies of missing soldiers in the Stalingrad area in 2017, Stalingrad documentaries by the Army University Press, Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany, Rape during the Soviet occupation of Poland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Stalingrad&oldid=996408722, Battles and operations of the Soviet–German War, Battles of World War II involving Romania, Battles of World War II involving Hungary, Strategic operations of the Red Army in World War II, World War II aerial operations and battles of the Eastern Front, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles needing additional references from January 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from August 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Expulsion of the Axis from the Caucasus, reversing their gains from the 1942 Summer Campaign, 744 aircraft; 1,666 tanks; 5,762 guns captured. [99]:283[100]:929 The German High Command informed Paulus, "Every day that the army holds out longer helps the whole front and draws away the Russian divisions from it. Most notably, he promoted Paulus to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall. 3. [49][50][51][52] The Germans pushing forward into Stalingrad suffered heavy casualties. And we all – it's true – felt better. On 23 December, the Soviet 24th Tank Corps, commanded by Major-General Vasily Mikhaylovich Badanov, reached nearby Skassirskaya and in the early morning of 24 December, the tanks reached Tatsinskaya. [41]:109 Staff and students from the local technical university formed a "tank destroyer" unit. Winter weather conditions, technical failures, heavy Soviet anti-aircraft fire and fighter interceptions eventually led to the loss of 488 German aircraft. A year of German gains during Case Blue had been wiped out. This was accomplished by Romanian Vickers/Reșița 75 mm anti-aircraft guns, which proved effective against Soviet armour. The German 6th Army was only a few dozen kilometres from Stalingrad. The Germans called this unseen urban warfare Rattenkrieg ("Rat War"),[55] and bitterly joked about capturing the kitchen but still fighting for the living room and the bedroom. The offensive was repelled. Sturmovik battle of stalingrad - Der absolute TOP-Favorit unter allen Produkten Herzlich Willkommen auf unserer Webseite. By the spring of 1942, despite the failure of Operation Barbarossa to decisively defeat the Soviet Union in a single campaign, the Wehrmacht had captured vast expanses of territory, including Ukraine, Belarus, and the Baltic republics. [83], Recognising that German troops were ill-prepared for offensive operations during the winter of 1942, and that most of them were redeployed elsewhere on the southern sector of the Eastern Front, the Stavka decided to conduct a number of offensive operations between 19 November 1942 and 2 February 1943. "He described the situation in very sombre terms", recorded Raus. [87] German personnel in the pocket numbered about 210,000, according to strength breakdowns of the 20 field divisions (average size 9,000) and 100 battalion sized units of the Sixth Army on 19 November 1942. A massive German air raid on 23 August caused a firestorm, killing hundreds and turning Stalingrad into a vast landscape of rubble and burnt ruins. [citation needed] Some have presumed that they were motivated by a belief that fighting on was better than a slow death in Soviet captivity. While a motorised breakout might have been possible in the first few weeks, the 6th Army now had insufficient fuel and the German soldiers would have faced great difficulty breaking through the Soviet lines on foot in harsh winter conditions. Adolf Hitler was determined to hold the city at all costs and forbade the 6th Army from attempting a breakout; instead, attempts were made to supply it by air and to break the encirclement from the outside. Beginning in late August, continuing in September and into October, the Soviets committed between two and four armies in hastily coordinated and poorly controlled attacks against the Germans' northern flank. Germany was looking in the face of defeat. The Soviets built up a large number of artillery batteries on the east bank of the Volga. At the beginning of February 1943, the Axis forces in Stalingrad, having exhausted their ammunition and food, surrendered[24]:932 after five months, one week and three days of fighting. [78] Stukageschwader 1, 2, and 77 had largely silenced Soviet artillery on the eastern bank of the Volga before turning their attention to the shipping that was once again trying to reinforce the narrowing Soviet pockets of resistance. For the first time ever in a first person shooter gamers will be able to experience WWII from the Axis side in a German single player campaign. British war correspondent Alexander Werth described the following scene in his Russia at War book, based on a first-hand account of his visit to Stalingrad on 3–5 February 1943, We [...] went into the yard of the large burnt out building of the Red Army House; and here one realised particularly clearly what the last days of Stalingrad had been to so many of the Germans. [34][35][36][37] Italian forces were generally held in little regard by the Germans, and were accused of low morale: in reality, the Italian divisions fought comparatively well, with the 3rd Mountain Infantry Division Ravenna and 5th Infantry Division Cosseria showing spirit, according to a German liaison officer. [131] In a speech on 9 November 1944, Hitler himself blamed Stalingrad for Germany's impending doom.[132]. These factors, taken together, prevented the Luftwaffe from effectively employing the full potential of its transport forces, ensuring that they were unable to deliver the quantity of supplies needed to sustain the 6th Army.[95]. The delay is thought to have delayed the advance at least one week. [67] Women were also snipers at Stalingrad. Later, when the Tatsinskaya Airfield was also captured, the Romanian 75 mm guns destroyed five more Soviet tanks. The aim was to win as much time as possible to withdraw forces from the Caucasus (Army Group A) and to rush troops from other Fronts to form a new front that would be able in some measure to check our counter-offensive. They could only be aimed at point-blank range through the bore of their gun barrels.[41]:110. Buildings had to be cleared room by room through the bombed-out debris of residential areas, office blocks, basements and apartment high-rises. He denied that he was the commander of the remaining northern pocket in Stalingrad and refused to issue an order in his name for them to surrender. As General Chuikov acknowledged, "Remembering the defence of Stalingrad, I can't overlook the very important question ... about the role of women in war, in the rear, but also at the front. Im Sturmovik battle of stalingrad Test sollte der Gewinner bei so gut wie allen Kriterien gewinnen. [1]:73 Casualties of 40,000 were greatly exaggerated,[4]:188–89 and after 25 August the Soviets did not record any civilian and military casualties as a result of air raids. [24]:915, Similarly, on the southern flank of the Stalingrad sector the front southwest of Kotelnikovo was held only by the Romanian 4th Army. [33]:183, 185, 189. – М.: "Кучково поле", 2012. Artillery spotters were an especially prized target for snipers. This would include the subsequent breakout of Sixth Army, in the event of a successful first phase, and its physical reincorporation in Army Group Don. [citation needed]. Битвы и сражения, изменившие ход войны. It consisted of two Romanian cavalry divisions and the 23rd Panzer Division, which mustered no more than thirty serviceable tanks. According to Zhukov, "German operational blunders were aggravated by poor intelligence: they failed to spot preparations for the major counter-offensive near Stalingrad where there were 10 field, 1 tank and 4 air armies. 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